Article published with Professor Peter Reschke (BYU, USA) and Professor Eric Walle (UC Merced, USA) entitled, “Did you mean to do that? Infants use emotional communication to infer and re-enact others’ intended actions” in Cognition and Emotion. Our results suggest that infants use emotional communication to disambiguate and re-enact others’ intended actions, and that this ability develops in the second year of life. This paper is an experimental follow-up to a theoretical paper we had published in 2017 in Child Development Perspectives.